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2019/03/01 17:34
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The pig industry is not blindly greedy

In the future, China's pig industry will no longer be greedy for large-scale, moderate scale will be the focus of future development, but also the guiding requirements given by the society and the national level, and the quasi-scale of household pig farms reflects The meaning of "moderate".

The definition of quasi-scale domestic pig farms: refers to the number of sows in the perennial stockings between 30-100 heads, with the couple as the main management and breeding staff, appropriately equipped with several employees, no fixed full-time A farm of technicians or technical directors.

Why is it that after the tragic baptism of the downturn in pig prices in recent years, the main force left in the position will be the dedicated pig farmer in the family? The reasons are as follows:

1 strong ability to resist risks

It is not to say that the financial strength of the quasi-scale family farms is strong, but that farms of this size are better able to control the funds, taking the quasi-scale family farms with 60 sows as an example. If the breeding sows are well matched, pregnant, breast-feeding, and weaned to fat pigs, the average is to each month, that is to say, there are always 1/6 of the 60 sows per month. The middle-bred, so that the fattening pigs provided by 10 sows will be kept in each month, that is to say, 100 fattening pigs will be released every month.

Even if the current loss is 300 yuan/head, it will be a loss of about 30,000 a month. This will not be a fatal blow to a quasi-scale farmer farm that has been operating for many years, not to mention the fact that such a farm has a good market before. It should accumulate financial strength. As long as the quasi-scale family farms do not concentrate 600 pigs in a month, or press them for a few months, it is the risk that the market will not break too much for 7-8 months. Of course, the premise is that the production level of the quasi-scale domestic farms is not bad, and a certain amount of profit is accumulated in the years before the market is good.

2 is more conducive to fine management

The owner of the family farm is often a breeder and a technician. They always stick to the front line of raising pigs and can find the problems of the farm in time, so as to make accurate and rapid adjustment of the pig farm management. Good breeding level.

3 is more conducive to fine management

One of the biggest costs of raising pigs now is the cost of labor, and because of the modest size of the family farms, there is no need for a large number of breeders, and often they are breeders themselves, which is a good saving of manpower. In addition, for example, they do not have expenses such as venue rental expenses, and there is no high loan interest.

4 production indicators are easy to improve

The quasi-scale family farm is the only "boss" who insist on the first line of production all the year round. They raise the pigs as their sons and raise the sows as their wives. Their investment is their own family. They fall down. Can not afford, so decided that they can very well raise the pigs, production indicators can not be worse. We can sum up one thing: it is better to raise more than to raise it.

Where should the pig industry go?

Where should the pig industry go? The reshuffle is inevitable. This is a fact that everyone has no objection, but it is worth exploring that the path of shuffling and the final result are what everyone cares most. There is a view that is now the mainstream, that is, to eliminate small households and leave large-scale pig farms. In fact, this is only the result of analysis from the surface phenomenon, just like the government's guidance in the past few years and the current results are the same.

Some websites analyze the benefits of “company + farmer” in the big pig farm. The company + farmer model has the investment leverage effect due to its light asset attributes, and can obtain larger production capacity with smaller investment! The problem of lower cost is the problem of whether the risk and the benefits obtained are equal. The farmers bear the most risky fattening pigs, and the benefits are the smallest among all production chains. The monopoly enterprises have the least investment. The lowest risk has obtained the biggest monopoly interest. The ten farmers in the company are described by the monopoly enterprises as if they are good, as if they brought the farmers to the happy world. Self-deception, the people are not stupid, who will not settle?

What I want to say is that if we really analyze the reality of the Chinese pig industry, the conclusions reached may well be a strange phenomenon of going to the two ends and leaving the middle. This is determined by China's national conditions and is determined by the particularity of the pig industry. "It is an important way to develop livestock and poultry farming as a way for farmers to get rid of poverty." This is the development policy that party committees and governments at all levels have been insisting on in recent years. However, due to the lack of management technology, the decline of livestock and poultry market, and the constraints of environmental protection requirements, the majority of small and medium-sized farm households are struggling.