A Brief History of the Development of Feed Condiments
Feed flavoring agent refers to the feed additive used to improve the flavor and palatability of feed and enhance the appetite of animals. It is also called feed flavoring agent. It can be translated into Feed Flavor or Feed Flavoring in English. It includes stimulating olfaction, taste, gastrointestinal tract and central nervous system, regulating all the substances that animals eat, such as volatile substances (aroma agents) stimulating olfaction, and flavoring substances stimulating taste, such as sweeteners, flavoring agents, sour agents, etc. Because it mainly aims at the physiological needs of animals, also known as attractants. Palatability is a comprehensive response of animals to food odor, taste and texture.
In 1940, Catron and Kara of the United States took the lead in*studying the palatability of piglets and chickens and first proposed the term Feed Flavor. On the basis of these findings, in 1946, the Flavor Corporation of America (FCA) was established to organize research, production and marketing of feeding seasonings. In addition to using flavors and fragrances for livestock and poultry, some large food companies in the United States have conducted research on smell, taste and taste of dogs, cats and other pets. According to these research results, the pet food with flavor added has been put into the market. By the 1980s, feed seasoning was widely used in Western feed enterprises. Animal species using feed flavor are expanded from pigs to calves, cows, rabbits, poultry, dogs and cats.
China began to use feed seasoning in the late 1980s, when it was mainly imported from the United States. In April 1989, Chinese scholar Yu Lin took the lead in publishing a review of Feed Flavors for Various Purposes in Sichuan Grain and Oil Science and Technology. In January 1992, he published a report on the effects of feed seasoning on feed intake and growth of piglets in commercial science and technology, which was the first report on feed seasoning in China. Since 1992, feed seasoning enterprises in China have appeared one after another with the development of feed industry. At present, there are 100 enterprises engaged in feed seasoning production in China. The production capacity of feed condiments has also increased from several thousand tons per year to about 40,000 tons at present, and the annual output value has also increased from less than 100 million yuan to nearly 1 billion yuan at present. Its product type has been developed from the original pig feed flavoring agent to the present, not only for pigs, but also for ruminant, poultry, aquatic and pet feed flavoring agents. The product has also developed from the previous single flavor agent to today's fragrances, sweeteners, acidifier and umami. The product has abundant structure and can meet the needs of feed seasoning for different animals, different growth stages and production purposes of the same animal.
In basic research, Dr. Kare established the Monell Chemical Senses Center, a sensory research institute, in 1967, which is mainly engaged in basic research of olfaction and taste. In China, Professor Chen Daiwen and Professor Zhang Keying of the Sichuan Agricultural Uniersity have done a lot of work on the intake and control factors of cholecystokinin CCK and orexin, and have instruct Lv Jirong of Chengdu great Hank Biological Technology Co., Ltd. to finish the research on feed intake and attractant mechanism of feed additives. Lu Jirong became the first doctor in the field of feed seasoning. Professor Jiang Qingyan, an expert in physiology of South China Agricultural University, has been devoted to basic research on animal olfaction, taste and feeding regulation for a long time, and has published more than 40 representative papers at home and abroad, which has promoted the development of feed seasoning industry. Professor Zeng Fankun of Southwest University of Science and Technology used free choice method and video surveillance technology to evaluate animal preferences for feed flavoring agents. He established a condiment evaluation system, i. e. a*detection subsystem for pig automatic feeding system, which was patented by the state.
In the application of feed seasoning, in the early 1990s, China Hope Group was one of the first companies to use feed seasoning. Under the historical conditions at that time, China's logistics was not developed, and local feed enterprises used a large number of cake and unconventional raw materials. They found that in this variety of raw materials added feed seasoning, feed products will be pleasant aroma, pigs become willing to eat Ken long. This product is deeply loved by users and businessmen, and has a strong market competitiveness. They have come out of a way different from Zhengda feed. In the application of feed seasoning agent, Hope Group not only has an obvious benchmarking role, but also with its rapid development and the establishment of branch companies, it has promoted many manufacturers in the country to recognize and apply feed seasoning agent.
At present, feed seasoning is an important additive raw material in feed for mammals and livestock in China, and it is widely used. This is mainly due to the shortage of raw materials in China, and the backward production and treatment methods of raw materials in many manufacturers. Most of the main raw materials (such as soybean meal and fish meal) depend on imports and need a longer transportation and storage period, so the freshness and stability of raw materials are problematic. Adding feed condiment is helpful to stabilize product quality and ensure that mammals have a sustained and stable intake. On the other hand, lactating larvae take liquid milk as food before feeding. After weaning, the type and flavor of diet have changed greatly. If some flavors they like are added at this time, it will help to alleviate weaning stress and improve feeding. Therefore, feed producers are more or less required to add feed seasoning to the diets of suckling young livestock. With the in-depth study on animal welfare, product quality and Anti-stress of feed seasoning, we believe that the application of feed seasoning will be more extensive.