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Summary of Differences in Poultry Breeding between North and South China

Time
2019/02/27 18:31
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In order to better understand the differences of poultry farming between North and South China, avoid disorderly and blind market competition, and find the value of service personnel, Xiaobian ran many farms in North and South China to summarize the differences of poultry farming between North and South China.
Climate differences
North: dry, low temperature in winter and spring, less rainfall;
South: High temperature and humidity, more rainfall.
Culture mode
North China: intensive degree is higher, mainly cage and net-based, mechanized and automated degree is higher;

Southern China: The degree of intensive cultivation is relatively low, and most of them are scattered cultivation, cage cultivation and land cultivation, while the degree of mechanization and automation is relatively low.

Ventilator for poultry house

North: negative pressure ventilation (mechanical ventilation) is the main;
South: Positive pressure ventilation (natural ventilation) is the main.
Poultry house structure
North China: the main closed way, pay attention to heat preservation, cultivation in low and medium greenhouses;

Southern China: Semi-open and open, with emphasis on ventilation and cooling, and high-shed farming.

Aquaculture scale (quantity)
North China: more than 20,000 people;
South China: 2000-20000 is the majority.
Captivity differences
North China: 3 layers are dominant, H-type cages are dominant;

South: 4-5 stories are the main, all kinds of cages are available, according to local conditions, to maximize space and cost savings.

Farmer farming technology
North China: on the high side, pay attention to feeding management;

South China: Very low, few biosafety measures, poor feeding management.

Feed sales mode
North China: The direct selling and cooperative models are the most, and the feed is mostly full-price formula feed.

 Southern China: Distributors are the main distributors. Feeds are mostly concentrated and premixed. Farmers process and mix more by themselves.

Number of technical service experts
North China: Almost every company is equipped with 1-4 service experts.
South: No more than one.
Dynamic monitoring
North China: Water quality monitoring, drug sensitivity test, antibody detection, disinfection effect evaluation and so on are widely used, with high detection frequency and density.
Southern China: It is seldom used. Most of the antibodies are detected. The detection frequency and density are very low.
Broiler breeds
North China: White feather broilers are mainly fast growing broilers.
Southern China: Yellow feather broiler, green-footed broiler, black chicken and other local slow-growing broiler breeds are the majority.
Consumption mode
North China: pay more attention to meat production and food safety;
South China: More attention should be paid to the origin of chicken, the color, taste and food safety of chicken.
Profit state
North China: The market fluctuates greatly and most of the losses occur.
South China: Generally profitable, the cost control of farmers is very strict.
Feeding Cycle and Feed Ratio of Broilers
In the north, broiler chickens mostly come out in 35-42 days with a feed ratio of 1.46-1.65.